Image and Video Analysis

Semantic Image Segmentation and Object Labeling

IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, Volume 17, Issue 3, pp.298 - 312, March 2007.

In this paper we present a framework for simultaneous image segmentation and object labeling leading to automatic image annotation. Focusing on semantic analysis of images, it contributes to knowledge-assisted multimedia analysis and the bridging of the gap between its semantics and low level visual features. The proposed framework operates at semantic level using possible semantic labels, formally defined as fuzzy sets, to make decisions on handling image regions instead of visual features used traditionally. In order to stress its independence of a specific image segmentation approach we have modified two well known region growing algorithms, i.e. watershed and recursive shortest spanning tree, and compared them with their traditional counterparts. Additionally, a visual context representation and analysis approach is presented, blending global knowledge in interpreting each object locally. Contextual information is based on a novel semantic processing methodology, employing fuzzy algebra and ontological taxonomic knowledge representation. In this process, utilization of contextual knowledge re-adjusts semantic region growing labeling results appropriately, by means of fine-tuning the membership degrees of detected concepts. The performance of the overall methodology is demonstrated on a real-life still image dataset from two popular domains.

[ Bibtex ] [ PDF ]